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Educational Materials

Gynecological diseases

“I feel terrible whenever my period comes. I loss so much blood and the pain is so intense. I often have to apply for sick leave because of that!” Obviously some women may share the problem above. Don’t be off-guarded, as menorrhagia and menstrual pain are indications for gynecological problems. Once ladies realize they have abnormal vaginal secretion or lumps on the abdomen, please consult a doctor and receive proper treatment if needed.

Four common gynecological diseases


What is menorrhagia? Normally a menstrual cycle would last for 21-35days and menses usually lasts for 5-7days in average. If you find you bleed more than usual, or lasts for more than 10 days, those may be the symptoms of menorrhagia. If you have menorrhagia, please consult a doctor, receive clinical examination, pelvic ultrasound, hysteroscopic examination or uterine biopic to determine the underlying cause of menorrhagia.

Menstrual pain

Menstrual pain significantly affects daily activities. The cause of menstrual pain may be related to endometriosis or adenomyoma. Doctors would perform ultrasound examination for accurate diagnosis. Once diagnosed as endometriosis, laparoscopic surgery is required to remove the tumor.

Generally medications can be used to relief menstrual pain.

Hard lumps

During self examination if you find any hard lumps near the lower abdomen, please consult a gynecologist as soon as possible. Uterine cancer or endometriosis can be diagnosed by ultrasound examination and determine the necessity to remove the tumor surgically.

Abnormal vaginal discharge

Do you have any abnormal vaginal discharge or discharge with foul smell? This may be the early signs of vaginitis. Vaginitis is only one of the diseases about abnormal vaginal discharge. Therefore, women should consult a gynecological specialist if they have such problems. Diagnosis can be made by clinical examination, swabbing sample for laboratory testing or ultrasound examination. Medications can be used as treatment in general.

The information on this website is for general educational purpose only.
Readers should consult their physician before considering treatment, and should not interpret their condition solely based on the information above.