ismed ismed ismed

Educational Materials


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Attention assessment is based on the definition of hyperactivity in DSM-IV. According to the statistics, every 4-5 in 100 children in Hong Kong suffer from hyperactivity or impaired attention, which most of them are boys.

Cause

Hyperactivity has nothing to do with parenthood, relationship between the parents or the environment. It is related to physiological factors, inheritance and the functions of the brain.

Symptoms of hyperactivity/ impulsive behaviors

(Having 6 or more of the problems listed here)

  • Frequent movement
  • Cannot sit quietly, always want to leave the seat
  • Unnecessary movement, always climbing and walking around
  • Cannot play quietly
  • Non-stop movement
  • Talk a lot
  • Always shouting the answer
  • Fail to queue up, waiting
  • Always disturbing others

Symptoms of impaired attention

(Having 6 or more of the problems listed here)

  • Always have careless mistakes
  • Hard to maintain concentration
  • Always failed to listen to what people are talking about
  • Always fail to complete tasks and homework
  • Difficulty in having group work/ activity
  • Always avoiding tasks that require prolonged attention
  • Always find items missing
  • Always distracted
  • Always forgetting daily activities
  1. Impaired attention
  2. Hyperactivity
  3. Impulsivity

Treatment

Parents’ attitude

  1. Accept the fact, help and give them room to develop their potentials
  2. Avoid over indulgence
  3. Do not have unrealistic hope for them to change instantly

Counseling

  1. Communication
  2. Behavior management
  3. Emotional management
  4. Education

Medication

Methylphenidate and atomoxetine are common drugs used to control hyperactivity. However, please consult professionals and ensure your kids take their medication on time together with the implementation of the medication.

The information on this website is for general educational purpose only.
Readers should consult their physician before considering treatment, and should not interpret their condition solely based on the information above.